Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Measuring the Modulus of Soft Polymer Networks via a Buckling-Based Metrology



Elizabeth A. Wilder, Shu Guo, Sheng Lin-Gibson, Michael J. Fasolka, Christopher Stafford


We present a new method for measuring the modulus of soft polymer networks (E < 10 MPa).This metrology utilizes compression-induced buckling of a sensor film applied to the surface of the specimen,where the periodic buckling wavelength, assessed rapidly by laser light diffraction or optical microscopy, yieldsthe modulus of the network specimen. To guide the development of this new technique, we use classical mechanicalanalysis to calculate the sensitivity of the critical strain and resulting wavelength of the buckling instability to themodulus and thickness of the sensor film as well as the modulus of the soft material being probed. Experimentalvalidation of our technique employed a series of model cross-linked poly(dimethylsiloxane) elastomers. To furtherdemonstrate the versatility of this method, we measure the moduli of a set of pertinent biomaterials, i.e., crosslinked2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) hydrogels. Using a hydrogel substrate possessing a gradient in thecross-link density, we also show how this metrology can be used to map spatial differences and heterogeneity inmodulus within a specimen.
39 No 12


&, (3-octylthiophene), (NEXAFS), (PSA), (SANS), (SiOC), (US), (multivariant), (stars, ultra-thin, viscosity, ., 11, 12, 157, 2-D, 2-hydroxyethyl, 2888, 3-point, 4-roll, ?-hydroxymethylacrylate, AC, AFM, AFM, ANOVA, ATRP, Absorption, Absorption, Acid, Adhesion, Adhesive, Adhesive, Adhesives, Adhesives, Advanced, Amorphous, Amplified, Analysis, Angle, Anisotropy, Apatite, Apoptosis, Apparatus, Applications, Approach, Au, BARC, BaTiO3, BaTiO3, Backscattering, Barium, Beta-Relaxation, Bio-Preservation, Biological, Biomaterials, Biomaterials, Biopolymers, Biopolymers, Bis-GMA, Blend, Blends, Blends, Boltzmann, Bond, Bonding, Break-down, Breakup, Brillouin, Brownian, Buckling, Buckling, Building-Blocks, C, C.C., CTE, CVD, Calculus, Capacitance, Capsid, Capsids, Carbon, Cascade, CdS, Cement, Cements, Chemical, Chemically, Chemistry, Clay, Cluster, Clustering, Coating, Coaxial, Coefficient, Colloidosome, Combinatorial, Combinatorial, Comparison, Complex, Composites, Composites, Concentration, Condensed, Conductivity, Confocal, Constrained, Contact, Continuous, Convergent-Growth, Cooperative, Copolymers, Couette, Coupling, Critical, Crystalline, Crystallization, Crystallization, Cytokines, DC, DET, DETA, DMTA, DSC, DSC, Damage, Dean, Debye-Waller, Decomposition, Deformation, Delamination, Delamination, Demineralization, Demixing, Dendrimer, Dendrimers, Dendrimers, Dental, Dentin, Determination, Diagram, Dielectric, Dielectric, Dielectric-Relaxation, Dielectrics, Diffusion, Diffusion, Dilute, Dilute-Solution, Dipolar, Dipole, Directed, Dispersion, Distribution, Domain, Droplet, Durability, Durability, Dynamic, Dynamics, Dynamics, ESI, Edge, Effect, Effects, Electron, Electronic, Electronics, Emulsion, Engineering, Epoxy, Epoxy-Resins, Equations, Equilibrium, Equivalence, Exfoliated, Experimentation, Expression, Extension, FIlms, FIlms, FT-IR, FTIR, Fatigue, Fiber, Fibers, Field, Filled, Filler, Film, Films, Films, First, Floc, Floculation, Flory-Huggins, Flow, Flow, Fluids, Fluorescence, Fomulations, Forces, Formation, Formulations, Fractional, Fracture, Fragility, Ftir, Functional, Functionality, G., Gelation, Ge


Wilder, E. , Guo, S. , Lin-Gibson, S. , Fasolka, M. and Stafford, C. (2006), Measuring the Modulus of Soft Polymer Networks via a Buckling-Based Metrology, Macromolecules, [online], (Accessed April 14, 2024)
Created March 31, 2006, Updated October 12, 2021