Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Measurement of the Optical Extinction Coefficients of Post-Flame Soot in the Infrared

Published

Author(s)

J F. Widmann, Jiann C. Yang, Samuel L. Manzello, George W. Mulholland

Abstract

The optical extinction coefficients of post-flame soot have been measured in the wavelength range 2.8 micrometers to 4.1 micrometers. A laminar diffusion burner was combined with an infrared spectrograph and gravimetric measurements to determine the mass specific extinction coefficient, sigma, and the dimensionless extinction coefficient, Ke. Using ethene gas as the fuel, the burner was operated at four global equivalence ratios (phi = 0.8, 1.0, 2.0, and 3.0) to examine the effect of the fuel-air ratio on the extinction coefficient. The extinction coefficient was found to decrease with increasing values of the global equivalence ratio for phi = 1.0, 2.0, and 3.0. The results for phi = 0.8 and phi = 1.0 were in agreement to within the uncertainty of the measurements. Measurements were obtained using propane gas as the fuel (phi = 1.0) and resulted in extinction coefficients equivalent to those of ethene.
Citation
Combustion and Flame
Volume
134
Issue
No. 1/2

Keywords

fire suppression, fire detection, fire research, fire safety, fire protection, soot, infrared radiation, radiative heat transfer, smoke, radiative absorption

Citation

Widmann, J. , Yang, J. , Manzello, S. and Mulholland, G. (2003), Measurement of the Optical Extinction Coefficients of Post-Flame Soot in the Infrared, Combustion and Flame, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=911529 (Accessed July 25, 2024)

Issues

If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact reflib@nist.gov.

Created July 1, 2003, Updated February 19, 2017