Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Mass spectrometry enumeration of filamentous M13 bacteriophage

Published

Author(s)

Tingting Wang, Ai Nguyen, Linwen Zhang, Illarion V. Turko

Abstract

In the last decade, filamentous M13 bacteriophage has emerged into numerous biotechnological applications as a promising nontoxic and self-assembling biomaterial with specific binding properties. This raises a question about its upscale production that consequently requires an accurate phage enumeration during the various protocol developments. However, traditional methods of measuring phage concentration are mainly biological in nature and therefore time and labor intensive. These traditional methods also demonstrate poor reproducibility and are semi- quantitative at best. In the present work, we capitalized on mass spectrometry based absolute protein quantitation. We have optimized the quantitation conditions for a major coat protein, pVIII. Enumeration of M13 bacteriophage can be further performed using the deter-mined molar concentration of pVIII, Avogadro's number, and known copy number of pVIII per phage. Since many different phages have well-defined copy number of capsid proteins, the proposed approach can be simply applied to any phage with known copy number of a specific capsid protein.
Citation
Analytical Biochemistry
Volume
582

Keywords

mass spectrometry, M13 phage, quantitation, capsid protein, pVIII
Created July 2, 2019, Updated September 20, 2019