Mapping Crystal Orientation in High Performance Thienothiophene Copolymer Thin Films
Xinran Zhang, Steven D. Hudson, Dean M. DeLongchamp, David J. Gundlach, Martin Heeney, Iain McCulloch
Mapping of crystalline grain orientation for solution-processed semiconducting polymer thin films is key to understanding charge transport in electronic devices based on them and yet challenging. In this work, a high mobility thienothiophene copolymer, poly(2,5-Bis(3-alkylthiophen-2-yl)thieno[3,2-b]thiophene (pBTTT), was used for grain mapping by dark-field (DF) transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and a pixel-by-pixel image analysis. The large, terraced crystals of pBTTT that form in spin-cast thin films after heating to a mesophase on a hydrophobic substrate was revealed to be made up of micron- or submicron-sized crystal grains which contain even smaller nanocrystals. Although grain size depends significantly on the film thickness and the volatility of the solvent used for spin-casting, the field-effect mobility and charge carrier hopping activation energy (extracted from variable temperature mobility measurements) are not much affected. This is attributed to the feature that grain orientation changes smoothly across the film, forming percolated charge transport pathways regardless of grain size.
, Hudson, S.
, DeLongchamp, D.
, Gundlach, D.
, Heeney, M.
and McCulloch, I.
Mapping Crystal Orientation in High Performance Thienothiophene Copolymer Thin Films, Advanced Materials, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=903893
(Accessed November 30, 2023)