Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Magnetotransport and magnetic textures in Ho/FeCoGd/β-W multilayers



Ramesh Budhani, Vinay Sharma, Ezana Negusse, Jacob Casey, Arjun Pathak, Jerzy Sadowski, Brian Kirby


The enhancement of interfacial Dzyaloshinskii – Moriya Interaction (DMI) in magnetic multilayers results in the stabilization of topological spin textures like chiral domain walls and skyrmions. Here we report on the evaluation of interface-driven magnetic interactions in a uniquely designed multilayer where each magnetic layer of two antiferromagnetically coupled sublattices of 3d and 4f moments is sandwiched between the layers of β-tungsten and holmium whose spin Hall angles are large but opposite in sign. The atomic and magnetic periodicity of these multilayers is established by polarized neutron reflectivity measurements and the presence of a stripe domain spin texture of zero remanence with x-ray photoelectron microscopy. Measurements of the Hall resistivity (ρxy(T, H)) together with static magnetization (M(T,H)) over a broad range of temperature (T) and magnetic field (H) indicate impending compensation between 3d and 4f sublattices at T > 350 K. These multilayers are characterized by a small (0.04 %) but positive magnetoresistance indicative of interface enhance scattering and a large (40 nΩ.m) and negative anomalous ρxy(T,H) which results from a parallel alignment of 4f moments with the external magnetic field. No distinct scaling is seen between ρxy(T,H), ρxx(T, H) and M(T,H) at temperatures above 200 K where the magnetization develops out-of-plane anisotropy. The field scans of ρxy at T > 200 K show a distinct cusp in the vicinity of magnetic saturation. These Hall data have been analyzed in the framework of a model where a distinct topological contribution to ρxy rides over the anomalous Hall resistivities of the 3d and 4f magnetic sublattices. It is argued that this topological effect draws its strength from the interfacial DMI and dominates ρxy(T,H) in the temperature regime where the 3d and 4f lattices are nearly compensated.
Physical Review B




Budhani, R. , Sharma, V. , Negusse, E. , Casey, J. , Pathak, A. , Sadowski, J. and Kirby, B. (2022), Magnetotransport and magnetic textures in Ho/FeCoGd/β-W multilayers, Physical Review B, [online], (Accessed April 19, 2024)
Created January 12, 2022, Updated March 18, 2024