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Magnetic Reversal of Ultra-Thin Films with Planar Magnetization



R Hyman, A Zangwill, Mark D. Stiles


Classical spin simulations are used to study magnetic reversal in ultra-thin (1-6 monolayers) films with planar magnetization and surface roughness typical of epitaxially grown samples. Reduced site symmetry at surface steps leads to strong, local anisotropies that both nucleate reversal and pin domain wall motion. The results we obtain from realistic models with periodic roughness are interpreted using a much simpler model with a single, finite-length step. These models show how growth induced roughness can lead to oscillations in the coercive field as the film thickness is increased, as seen in some experiments. they also demonstrate explicitly how local step anisotropies became less important and magnetostatic interactions become more important as the film thickness increases.
Physical Review B (Condensed Matter and Materials Physics)


anisotropy, coercivity, hysteresis, magnetization reversal, surface roughness


Hyman, R. , Zangwill, A. and Stiles, M. (1999), Magnetic Reversal of Ultra-Thin Films with Planar Magnetization, Physical Review B (Condensed Matter and Materials Physics), [online], (Accessed April 23, 2024)
Created August 24, 1999, Updated October 12, 2021