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Magnetic-field sensitive charge density wave orders in the superconducting phase of UTe2



Anuva Aishwarya, Julian May-Mann, Arjun Raghavan, Laimei Nie, Marisa Romanelli, Sheng Ran, Shanta Saha, Johnpierre Paglione, Nicholas Butch, Eduardo Fradkin, Vidya Madhavan


The intense interest in triplet superconductivity partly stems from theoretical predictions of exotic excitations such as non-abelian Majorana modes, chiral supercurrents, and half-quantum vortices. However, fundamentally new, and unexpected states may emerge when triplet superconductivity appears in a strongly correlated system. In this work we use scanning tunneling microscopy to reveal an unusual charge density wave (CDW) order in the heavy fermion triplet superconductor, UTe2. Our high-resolution maps reveal a multi-component incommensurate CDW whose intensity get weaker with increasing field, eventually disappearing at the superconducting critical field, Hc2. To explain the origin and phenomenology of this unusual CDW, we construct a Ginzburg-Landau theory for a uniform triplet superconductor coexisting with three triplet pair density wave (PDW) states. This theory gives rise to daughter CDWs which would be sensitive to magnetic field due to their origin in a triplet PDW state, and naturally explains our data. Our discovery of a CDW sensitive to magnetic fields and strongly intertwined with superconductivity, provides important new information for understanding the order parameter of UTe2 and uncovers the possible existence of a new kind of triplet PDW order which has not been previously explored.


pair density wave


Aishwarya, A. , May-Mann, J. , Raghavan, A. , Nie, L. , Romanelli, M. , Ran, S. , Saha, S. , Paglione, J. , Butch, N. , Fradkin, E. and Madhavan, V. (2022), Magnetic-field sensitive charge density wave orders in the superconducting phase of UTe2, arxiv, [online], (Accessed April 23, 2024)
Created July 19, 2022, Updated March 12, 2024