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Magnetic Correlations of Iron Oxide Nanoparticles as Probed by Polarized SANS in Stretched Magnetic Nanoparticle-Elastomer Composites

Published

Author(s)

Samuel Oberdick, Kathryn L. Krycka, Julie Borchers

Abstract

We have investigated the magnetic correlations among 7 nm iron oxide nanoparticles embedded in stretched silicone elastomers using polarized Small Angle Neutron Scattering (SANS). The magnetic nanoparticle (MNP)-elastomer composite can be stretched during experiments, and macroscopic deformations cause rearrangement of the iron oxide particles on the nanoscale. Polarized neutrons can be used to nondestructively probe the arrangement of magnetic nanoparticles before and after stretching, so that the relationship between applied stress and nanoscale magnetization can be interrogated. We find that stretching the MNP-elastomer composite past a certain threshold dramatically changes the structural and magnetic morphology of the system. The unstretched sample is modeled well by ∼40 nm clusters of ∼7 nm particles arranged in a hard sphere packing with a "volume fraction" parameter of 0.3. After the sample is stretched 3× its original size, however, the scattering data can be modeled by smaller, 16 nm clusters with a higher volume fraction of 0.4. We suggest that the effect can be understood by considering a stretching transformation on FCC-like crystallites of iron oxide nanoparticles embedded in an elastomeric medium.
Citation
Applied Physics Letters
Volume
120
Issue
5

Keywords

Magnetic nanoparticles, polarized neutron scattering

Citation

Oberdick, S. , Krycka, K. and Borchers, J. (2022), Magnetic Correlations of Iron Oxide Nanoparticles as Probed by Polarized SANS in Stretched Magnetic Nanoparticle-Elastomer Composites, Applied Physics Letters, [online], https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0081922, https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=933759 (Accessed May 24, 2024)

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Created January 31, 2022, Updated November 29, 2022