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Lasers, Ultrafast Pulse Technology

Published

Author(s)

Tracy S. Clement, Scott Diddams, David J. Jones

Abstract

Ultrafast pulse technology refers to the generation and use of laser pulses with durations in the femtosecond range. These ultrafast pulses are useful for a variety of applications ranging from the scientific study of very fast chemical and biological events to commercial use in fields such as medicine and communication. There continues to be demand for pulses with even shorter durations, pulses with higher power, and pulses with a wider spectral range down to the x-ray regime. The present article covers the basics of the generation of ultrafast pulses (Section II) and goes into detail about several modern ultrafast lasers (Section III). Amplification of ultrashort laser pulses to very high intensities is reviewed in Section IV, and some nonlinear techniques are discussed in section V. The techniques used to characterize ultrafast lasers are reviewed in Section VI. Future directions for ultrafast laser systems are discussed in Section VII.
Citation
Encycl. Phys. Sci. Technol., Third Ed., R.A. Meyers, Editor (Academic Press, San Diego, CA)
Volume
8

Keywords

femtosecond lasers, ultrafast lasers, ultrafast pulses

Citation

Clement, T. , Diddams, S. and Jones, D. (2001), Lasers, Ultrafast Pulse Technology, Encycl. Phys. Sci. Technol., Third Ed., R.A. Meyers, Editor (Academic Press, San Diego, CA) (Accessed July 12, 2024)

Issues

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Created December 31, 2000, Updated October 12, 2021