Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Kinetics and Mechanism of the Reaction of NH2 with O2 in Aqueous Solutions



B Laszlo, Z B. Alfassi, Pedatsur Neta, Robert E. Huie


The reaction of NH3 with OH or SO4 radicals produces the aminyl radical, NH2. Pulse radiolysis and laser flash photolysis techniques were utilized to study the formation of this radical, its absorption spectrum, its reaction with O2, and the mechanism of formation of subsequent intermediates and the main final product, peroxynitrite. The rates of formation of NH2 and its absorption spectrum are in agreement with previous reports. The reaction of NH2 with O2, however, was observed to take place much more rapidly than reported before and to involve an equilibrium of these reactants with the aminylperoxyl radical, NH2O2 . The equilibrium is shifted toward completion of the reaction via catalyzed decomposition of this peroxyl radical, and this decomposition affects the observed rate of reaction of NH2 with O2 . The peroxyl radical deprotonates and isomerizes, and finally forms NO. In the presence of O2 , NO is rapidly converted to peroxynitrite, ONO2 . This product, which is stable at alkaline PH, was confirmed by γ-radiolysis of aerated ammonia solutions.
Journal of Physical Chemistry


free radicals, kinetics, mechanism, photolysis, radiolysis


Laszlo, B. , Alfassi, Z. , Neta, P. and Huie, R. (1998), Kinetics and Mechanism of the Reaction of NH<sub>2</sub> with O<sub>2</sub> in Aqueous Solutions, Journal of Physical Chemistry, [online], (Accessed April 22, 2024)
Created July 15, 1998, Updated February 17, 2017