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Isotropic Nature of the Metallic Kagome Ferromagnet Fe3Sn2 at High Temperatures



Rebecca Dally, Daniel Phelan, Nicholas Bishop, Nirmal J. Ghimire, Jeffrey Lynn


Anisotropy and competing exchange interactions have emerged as two central ingredients needed for centrosymmetric materials to exhibit topological spin textures. Fe3Sn2 is thought to have these ingredients as well, as it has recently been discovered to host room temperature skyrmionic bubbles with an accompanying topological Hall effect. We present small-angle inelastic neutron scattering measurements that unambiguously show that Fe3Sn2 is an isotropic ferromagnet below TC ≈ 660 K to at least 480 K – the lower temperature threshold of our experimental configuration. Fe3Sn2 is known to have competing magnetic exchange interactions, correlated electron behavior, weak magnetocrystalline anisotropy, and lattice anisotropy; all of these features are thought to play a role in stabilizing skyrmions in centrosymmetric systems. Our results reveal that at elevated temperatures, there is an absence of magnetocrystalline anisotropy and that the system behaves as a typical exchange ferromagnet with a spin stiffness D(T = 0 K) = 271 ± 9 meV Å2.


inelastic neutron scattering, topological materials, anomalous Hall effect, isotropic ferromagnet, kagome, frustrated magnetism, skyrmion


Dally, R. , Phelan, D. , Bishop, N. , Ghimire, N. and Lynn, J. (2021), Isotropic Nature of the Metallic Kagome Ferromagnet Fe<sub>3</sub>Sn<sub>2</sub> at High Temperatures, Crystals (Accessed May 26, 2024)


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Created March 19, 2021, Updated November 29, 2022