Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site.


The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

An Investigation into Metallic Powder Thermal Conductivity in Laser Powder Bed Fusion Additive Manufacturing



Shanshan Zhang, Brandon M. Lane, Justin G. Whiting, Kevin Chou


This study investigates the thermal conductivity of metallic powder in laser powder-bed fusion(LPBF) additive manufacturing. The intent is to utilize a methodology combining laser flash testing, finite element (FE) heat transfer modeling and an inverse method to indirectly measure the thermal conductivity of nickel-based super alloy 625 (In625) and Ti-6Al-4V powder in LPBF. The testing specimen geometry was designed with powder enclosed after LPBF fabrications to mimic the powder bed state. The specimens were then tested in a laser flash system to measure a transient temperature response of the samples. Next, a developed FE model and a multi-point optimization algorithm were applied to inversely analyze the thermal transient, and extract the thermal diffusivity and conductivity of LPBF powder. The results indicate that the thermal conductivity of In625 powder in LPBF ranges from 0.65 W/(m∙K) to 1.02 W/(m∙K) at 100 °C and 500 °C, respectively. On the other hand, Ti-6Al-4V powder has a lower thermal conductivity than In625 powder, about 35 % to 40 % smaller. However, the thermal conductivity ratio of the powder to the respective solid counterpart is not much different between the two materials, about 4 % to 7 %, which is largely temperature independent.
Proceedings Title
Proceedings of the Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium
Conference Dates
August 13-15, 2018
Conference Location
Austin, TX
Conference Title
Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium


laser powder-bed fusion, laser flash, inverse method, thermal properties
Created November 6, 2018, Updated November 28, 2018