Semiha Kiziltas, Fernanda Leite, Burcu Akinci, Robert R. Lipman
It is estimated that the cost of inadequate interoperability in the U.S. capital facilities industry is approximately $15.8 billion per year. Lack of or inadequate interoperability results in data and transfer problems and duplication of business transactions across multiple software applications used between architects, owners, engineers, suppliers and facility managers. Driven by the availability of multiple, incompatible information systems, various data standards and specifications are being developed for enabling interoperability within the architecture, engineering, construction and facility management (AEC/FM) industry. These data standards and specifications range from early efforts (e.g., DXF, IGES) developed to exchange geometry and topology information, to product model data exchange (e.g., STEP, CIS/2, gbXML), to semantically rich building information modeling exchange (e.g., IFC, IFD). This chapter is an overview of interoperable methodologies and techniques in computer-aided design (CAD). While interoperability between different software systems is still an issue, many existing efforts are pushing the front towards a more integrated modeling environment, enabling more effective collaboration and sharing of information between different stakeholders throughout the facility life-cycle.
, Leite, F.
, Akinci, B.
and Lipman, R.
Interoperable Methodologies and Techniques in CAD, CAD/GIS Integration, Auerbach Publications, Boca Raton, FL, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=901928
(Accessed May 28, 2023)