Interlaboratory comparison of nanoparticle size measurements between NMIJ and NIST using two different types of dynamic light scattering instruments
Kayori Takahashi, John A. Kramar, Natalia Farkas, Keiji Takahata, Ichiko Misumi, Kentaro Sugawara, Satoshi Gonda, Kensei Ehara
The question of how to relate particle sizes measured using a fixed-angle dynamic light scattering (DLS) instrument with those measured using a multi-angle DLS instrument is addressed. A series of nearly monodisperse polystyrene latex (PSL) particles with nominal diameters of 100 nm, 70 nm, 50 nm, and 30 nm were measured using two different types of DLS instruments: one owned by the National Metrology Institute of Japan (NMIJ) of the multi-angle type and the other owned by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) of the fixed-angle type. The mean particle size of the PSL particles was measured using the multi- angle-type instrument at various scattering angles and at various concentrations of particle suspension. These data were used to establish the functional dependence of the measured particle size on the scattering angle and particle concentration through the least-squares fitting method. The established function was then used to predict the mean particle sizes that would have been obtained if the same scattering angle and particle concentrations as those used at NIST had been selected at NMIJ. The mean particle sizes obtained at NIST and at NMIJ agreed quite well for all four PSL particle samples after compensating for the angle and concentration differences. The result of this study clearly demonstrates that consideration for the dependence of measured particle sizes on the scattering angle and particle concentration is crucial in intra-method comparisons of mean particle sizes obtained using DLS.