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Intelligence Level Performance Standards Research for Autonomous Vehicles



Roger V. Bostelman, Tsai H. Hong, Elena R. Messina


U.S. and European safety standards have evolved to protect workers near Automated Guided Vehicles (AGV's). However, only recently performance standards have begun development for AGV's and mobile robots. Lessons can be learned for developing such a standard from other research and standards thrusts for mobile robots applied to search and rescue and military applications. Research challenges, test and evaluations, and intelligence-level efforts have also occurred that can support industrial AGV developments into higher-level intelligence systems and provide useful standards development criteria for AGV performance test methods. Current standards areas being considered are for docking, navigation, obstacle avoidance, and the ground truth systems that measure AGV performance. This paper provides a look to the future with standards developments in both the performance of vehicles and the dynamic perception systems that measure intelligent vehicle performance.
Proceedings Title
IROS 2015 Workshop: FinE-R 2015 - The Path to Success: Failures in rEal Robots
Conference Dates
September 28-October 2, 2015
Conference Location
Hamburg, DE


automatic guided vehicle, performance measurement, standards, ASTM F45, ASTM E57, optical tracking


Bostelman, R. , Hong, T. and Messina, E. (2015), Intelligence Level Performance Standards Research for Autonomous Vehicles, IROS 2015 Workshop: FinE-R 2015 - The Path to Success: Failures in rEal Robots, Hamburg, DE, [online], (Accessed July 18, 2024)


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Created October 1, 2015, Updated April 1, 2022