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Integrating Disparate Knowledge Representations Within 4D/RCS



James S. Albus, Craig I. Schlenoff, Rajmohan (. Madhavan, Stephen B. Balakirsky, Tony Barbera


In this paper, we show how the 4D/RCS architecture incorporates and integrates multiple types of disparate knowledge representation techniques into a common, unifying framework. 4D/RCS is based on the supposition that different knowledge representation techniques offer different advantages, and 4D/RCS is designed in such a way as to combine the strengths of all of these techniques into a common unifying architecture in order to exploit the advantages of each. 4D/RCS allow for the capability to capture knowledge in formalisms and at levels of abstraction that are suitable for the way that it is expected to be used. In the context of applying the architecture to the control of autonomous vehicles, we describe the procedural and declarative types of knowledge that has been developed and applied, and value that each brings to the achieving the ultimate goal of autonomous navigation. We also look at symbolic vs. iconic knowledge representation, and show how 4D/RCS accommodates both of these types of representations and uses the strengths of each to strive towards achieving human-level intelligence in autonomous systems.
Proceedings Title
Proceedings of the 2004 AAAI Fall Symposium
Conference Dates
November 1, 2004
Conference Location
Washington D.C, MD, USA
Conference Title
Integrating Disparate Knowledge Representations Within 4D/RCS


4D/RCS, declarative, iconic, Knowledge Engineering, knowledge representation, Mobility, procedural, Robotics & Intelligent Systems, symbolic


Albus, J. , Schlenoff, C. , Madhavan, R. , Balakirsky, S. and Barbera, T. (2004), Integrating Disparate Knowledge Representations Within 4D/RCS, Proceedings of the 2004 AAAI Fall Symposium, Washington D.C, MD, USA, [online], (Accessed June 14, 2024)


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Created October 31, 2004, Updated October 12, 2021