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Instrumental Aspects of X-Ray Microbeams in the Range Above 1 keV



P Dhez, P Chevallier, Thomas B. Lucatorto, Charles Tarrio


X rays were discovered by Roentgen in 1895, just over 100 years ago. Early investigations by Roentgen himself indicated that prisms, lenses, and mirrors were seemingly ineffective for deflecting and focusing x rays. However, the magical ability to look through normally opaque materials with these mysterious rays soon created a host of important radiographic applications. Because of the absence of any imaging systems, early x-ray images were in the form of simple contact exposures or shadowgraphs.
Review of Scientific Instruments
No. 4


crystal optics, diffraction, diffractive optics, microprobes, microscopy, reflective optics, x rays


Dhez, P. , Chevallier, P. , Lucatorto, T. and Tarrio, C. (1999), Instrumental Aspects of X-Ray Microbeams in the Range Above 1 keV, Review of Scientific Instruments (Accessed June 23, 2024)


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Created March 31, 1999, Updated October 12, 2021