Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Instability of Adhesion Force Between Rough Surfaces

Published

Author(s)

Michael Nosonovsky, Seung H. Yang, Huan Zhang

Abstract

Adhesion force has a significant effect upon the contact of rough surfaces with nanoscale asperities. The dominant component of the adhesion force is the capillary force caused by condensed water menisci. The capillary force depends upon the meniscus shape and dimensions. We show that a small change in surface roughness may result in a big change of the meniscus geometry and, consequently, of the adhesion force. This instability has been overlooked by conventional contact mechanics models that consider adhesion. Based on the minimum free energy principle, we develop a general expression for the capillary force between rough surfaces and examine it numerically with a case of simple geometry. The model is further compared with experimental data on adhesion between a rough colloidal probe in contact with a flat surface. The comparison confirms that the adhesion force between rough surfaces is not stable.
Citation
Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series A-Statistics in Society

Keywords

adhesion, capillary force, meniscus, rough surfaces

Citation

Nosonovsky, M. , Yang, S. and Zhang, H. (2017), Instability of Adhesion Force Between Rough Surfaces, Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series A-Statistics in Society (Accessed June 20, 2024)

Issues

If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact reflib@nist.gov.

Created February 19, 2017