Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Inhibitors of DNA glycosylases as potential therapeutic drugs in cancer

Published

Author(s)

M Miral Dizdar, Aaron C. Jacobs, Nathan Donley, Ajit Jadhav, Dorjbal Dorjsuren, David Maloney, Anton Simeonov, Pawel Jaruga, Erdem Coskun, Amanda K. McCullough, R. S. Lloyd

Abstract

Ionizing radiation and most chemotherapeutic agents kill tumor cells by damaging DNA. The efficacy of DNA-damaging agents may be influenced by increased DNA repair capacity in tumors that results from overexpression of DNA repair proteins. Inhibition of activities of these proteins in tumors is a promising approach to enhance the efficacy of DNA damage-based therapy. Intense efforts are underway worldwide to find inhibitors of DNA repair proteins. Of these proteins, DNA glycosylases are involved in the first step of base excision repair mechanism by removing modified DNA bases. Despite the successes with other proteins of this repair pathway, the development of inhibitors has been lagging for DNA glycosylases. Recently, several DNA glycosylases including NEIL1, OGG1 and NTH1 were identified as potential targets in combination therapeutic strategies. We designed experiments to discover small molecule inhibitors of NEIL1 as the proof-of-principle glycosylase. A fluorescence-based assay was developed to detect both glycosylase and AP lyase activities of NEIL1. We screened small molecule libraries for inhibitors of NEIL1 activities. Several purine analogs were found, whose postulated presence in the active site of NEIL1 fits with the paradigm of NEIL1 action on damaged purines. We also applied gas chromatography/isotope-dilution tandem mass spectrometry to measure the effect of small molecule inhibitors on glycosylase activities of NEIL1, OGG1 and NTH1. The release of modified DNA bases known as substrates of these enzymes was measured in the presence and absence of the inhibitors. These data revealed that several of the purine analogs were general glycosylase inhibitors with one compound being the most effective inhibitor for all three enzymes. However, there were significant differences in inhibition of enzymatic activities among these DNA glycosylases. Overall, this work forms the foundation for the future discovery of DNA repair inhibitors as drugs in cancer therapy
Conference Dates
April 4-6, 2016
Conference Location
Baltimore, MD
Conference Title
International Cancer Study & Therapy Conference

Keywords

DNA glycosylases, cancer therapy, small molecule inhibitors

Citation

, M. , Jacobs, A. , Donley, N. , Jadhav, A. , Dorjsuren, D. , Maloney, D. , Simeonov, A. , Jaruga, P. , Coskun, E. , McCullough, A. and Lloyd, R. (2016), Inhibitors of DNA glycosylases as potential therapeutic drugs in cancer, International Cancer Study & Therapy Conference, Baltimore, MD (Accessed April 23, 2024)
Created April 4, 2016, Updated January 27, 2020