Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Inhibition Effectiveness of Halogenated Compounds



T Noto, Valeri I. Babushok, Anthony Hamins, Wing Tsang


A numerical study of the inhibition efficiency of halogenated compounds was carried out for C1-C2 hydrocarbon-air laminar premixed flames. The inhibition efficiency of CF3Br, CF3I, CF3H, C2HF, C2F6, and CF4 additives was interpreted using an additive group method. In agreement with measurements, the calculated burning velocity decreased exponentially with increasing additive concentration over a wide concentration range. The inhibition parameter proposed by Fristrom and Sawyer indicating inhibition efficiency was modified to take into account the expoential dependence of burning velocity on inhibitor concentration. The inhibition indices for halogen atoms and groups important in the inhibition process were determined for stoichiometric conditions. The physical and chemical effects of the additives were studied. With increasing additive concentration, the chemical influence of an inhibitor saturates and the physical influence increases. Therefore, use of a composite inhibitor composed of a mixture of an effective chemical inhibitor with a high heat capacity diluent may be beneficial. The contribution of physical and chemical components on inhibitor influence are estimated near extinction. A procedure for determinaiton of a regeneration coefficient, which indicates an effective number of catalytic cycles involving inhibitor during the combustion process, is suggested. The regeneration coefficient of HBr in stoichiometric methane-air flame with 1% CF3Br added is approximately 7.
Combustion and Flame
No. 1/2


fire research, halogenated compounds, laminar flames, premixed flames, burning velocity, additives, inhibitors, flame retardants, saturation


Noto, T. , Babushok, V. , Hamins, A. and Tsang, W. (1998), Inhibition Effectiveness of Halogenated Compounds, Combustion and Flame, [online], (Accessed April 17, 2024)
Created December 31, 1997, Updated October 12, 2021