Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Influence of Kosmotrope and Chaotrope Salts on Water Structural Relaxation

Published

Author(s)

Peng Luo

Abstract

The structural relaxation in water solutions of kosmotrope - structure maker and chaotrope - structure breaker salts, namely sodium chloride, potassium chloride, and cesium chloride, were studied through quasielastic neutron scattering measurements. We found that the collective dynamics relaxation time at the structure factor peak obtained using heavy water solutions shows a distinctively different behavior in the kosmotrope as opposed to the chaotrope solutions, increasing with the salt concentration in the former and decreasing in the latter. In both cases the trends are proportional to the concentration dependence of the relative viscosity of the solutions. These results indicate that kosmotropes and chaotropes influence the solution's viscosity by impacting in opposite ways the hydrogen bond network of water, strengthening it in one case and softening it in the other.
Citation
Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Volume
11
Issue
21

Keywords

Water

Citation

Luo, P. (2020), Influence of Kosmotrope and Chaotrope Salts on Water Structural Relaxation, Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters (Accessed July 21, 2024)

Issues

If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact reflib@nist.gov.

Created November 4, 2020, Updated September 2, 2021