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Infinite-randomness criticality in monitored quantum dynamics with static disorder



Aidan Zabalo, Justin Wilson, Michael Gullans, Romain Vasseur, Sarang Goplakrishnan, David Huse, Jed Pixley


We consider a model of monitored quantum dynamics with quenched spatial randomness: specifically, random quantum circuits with spatially varying measurement rates. These circuits undergo a measurement-induced phase transition (MIPT) in their entanglement structure, but the nature of the critical point differs drastically from the case with constant measurement rate. In particular, at the critical measurement rate, we find that the entanglement of a subsystem of size l scales as S\sqrtl}; moreover, the dynamical critical exponent z =\infty. The MIPT is flanked by Griffiths phases with continuously varying dynamical exponents. We argue for this infinite-randomness scenario on general grounds and present numerical evidence that it captures some features of the universal criti- cal properties of MIPT using large-scale simulations of Clifford circuits. These findings demonstrate that the relevance and irrelevance of perturbations to the MIPT can naturally be interpreted using a powerful heuristic known as the Harris criterion.
Physical Review B


Quantum dynamics, critical phenomena, quantum error correction


Zabalo, A. , Wilson, J. , Gullans, M. , Vasseur, R. , Goplakrishnan, S. , Huse, D. and Pixley, J. (2023), Infinite-randomness criticality in monitored quantum dynamics with static disorder, Physical Review B, [online],, (Accessed May 29, 2024)


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Created June 23, 2023, Updated July 20, 2023