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Indoor Air Quality Analyses of Commercial Reference Buildings

Published

Author(s)

Lisa C. Ng, Amy Musser, Andrew K. Persily, Steven J. Emmerich

Abstract

Sixteen commercial reference buildings were created in the multizone airflow and contaminant transport program CONTAM in order to support airflow and indoor air quality (IAQ) analyses, which are not possible using the existing EnergyPlus input files for these buildings. Annual airflow and contaminant simulations were performed in CONTAM for six of the buildings. Contaminant analyses were performed for occupant generated carbon dioxide (CO2), volatile organic compounds (VOC) from indoor sources, outdoor particulate matter, and outdoor ozone. In all of the selected buildings and zones, the simulated indoor ozone and PM2.5 concentrations did not exceed indoor limits set by the World Health Organization. For CO2 and VOC, for which no similarly relevant indoor concentration standards or limits exist, the simulated concentrations were within expected ranges based on published field measurements in commercial buildings. The results of this study provide a baseline for subsequent use of these models to investigate approaches to building ventilation and other technologies that are intended to simultaneously reduce building energy consumption while maintaining or improving indoor air quality.
Citation
Building and Environment
Report Number
1734
Volume
58

Keywords

airflow, CONTAM, EnergyPlus, reference buildings, ventilation

Citation

Ng, L. , Musser, A. , Persily, A. and Emmerich, S. (2012), Indoor Air Quality Analyses of Commercial Reference Buildings, Building and Environment, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=911589 (Accessed June 15, 2024)

Issues

If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact reflib@nist.gov.

Created November 1, 2012, Updated February 19, 2017