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Incoherent Neutron Scattering as a Probe of the Dynamics in Molecularly Thin Polymer Films

Published

Author(s)

Christopher L. Soles, Jack F. Douglas, Wen-Li Wu, Robert M. Dimeo

Abstract

Incoherent neutron scattering measurements were performed on polycarbonate (PC), poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), and poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) films of variable thickness, ranging from bulk-like down to 75 , or length scales comparable to the polymer s radius of gyration. The temperature dependencies of the incoherent elastic scattering are analyzed in terms of a Debye-Waller factor to estimate the hydrogen-weighted mean-square atomic displacement . We find a general reduction of as the polymer films become increasingly thin, especially above the calorimetric glass transition temperature, Tg. However, below Tg this reduction depends strongly upon the relative amplitude of the displacement. If in the bulk glass is especially large, as seen in PC, the extensive sub- Tg motions are strongly suppressed by thin film confinement. On the contrary, glassy PVC displays comparatively small amplitude displacements in the glass and virtually no reduction of upon confinement.These results are discussed in terms of a caging of the atomic motions as the degree of thin film confinement increases.
Citation
Macromolecules
Volume
36 No. 2

Keywords

confinement, dynamics, glass transition, mean-square displacement, neutron scattering, thin polymer films

Citation

Soles, C. , Douglas, J. , Wu, W. and Dimeo, R. (2003), Incoherent Neutron Scattering as a Probe of the Dynamics in Molecularly Thin Polymer Films, Macromolecules, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=852052 (Accessed February 25, 2024)
Created January 1, 2003, Updated February 17, 2017