Improvements in the Measurement of Distillation Curves - Part 1: A Composition-Explicit Approach
Thomas J. Bruno
The distillation (or boiling) curve of a complex fluid is a critically important indicator of the bulk behavior or response of the fluid. For this reason, the distillation curve, usually presented graphically as boiling temperature against volume fraction distilled, is often cited as a primary design and testing criteria for liquid fuels, lubricants and other important industrial fluids. While the distillation curve gives a direct measure of fluid volatility fraction by fraction, the information the curve contains can be taken much further; there are numerous engineering and application-specific parameters that can be correlated to the distillation curve. When applied to liquid motor fuels, for example, one can estimate engine starting ability, drivability, fuel system icing and vapor lock, the fuel injector fouling schedule, fuel autoignition, etc. It can be used in environmental applications as a guide for blending virgin stock with reclaimed oil, guiding the formulation of product that will be suitable in various applications. Moreover, the distillation curve can be related to mutagenicity and the pollutant suite. It is therefore desirable to enhance or extend the usual approach to distillation curve measurement to allow optimal information content. In this paper, we present several modifications to the measurement of distillation curves that provide (1) temperature and volume measurement(s) of low uncertainty, and most important, (2) a composition-explicit data channel in addition to the usual temperature-volume relationship. This latter modification is achieved with a new sampling approach that allows precise qualitative as well as quantitative analyses of each fraction, on the fly. The analysis is done by gas chromatography coupled with specific or universal detectors. This second modification is the most significant change, since it is composition that is the most important underlying parameter that governs curve shape.
Improvements in the Measurement of Distillation Curves - Part 1: A Composition-Explicit Approach, Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=50215
(Accessed June 9, 2023)