Imaging Nanophotonic Modes of Microresonators using a Focused Ion Beam
Kevin A. Twedt, Jie J. Zou, Marcelo I. Davanco, Kartik A. Srinivasan, Jabez J. McClelland, Vladimir A. Aksyuk
Optical microresonators have proven powerful in a wide range of applications, including cavity quantum electrodynamics, biosensing, microfludics, and cavity optomechanics. Their performance depends critically on the exact distribution of optical energy, confined and shaped by the nanoscale device geometry. Near-field optical probes can image this distribution, but the physical probe necessarily perturbs the near field, which is particularly problematic for sensitive high quality factor resonances. We present a new approach to mapping nanophotonic modes by introducing a controllably small and local optomechanical perturbation using a focused lithium ion beam. An ion beam (radius ≈50 nm) induces a picometer-scale dynamic deformation of the resonator surface, which we detect through a shift in the optical resonance wavelength. We map five modes of a silicon microdisk resonator (Q≥20,000) with both high spatial and spectral resolution. Our technique also enables in-situ observation of ion implantation damage and relaxation dynamics in a silicon lattice.
, Zou, J.
, Davanco, M.
, Srinivasan, K.
, McClelland, J.
and Aksyuk, V.
Imaging Nanophotonic Modes of Microresonators using a Focused Ion Beam, Nature Photonics, [online], https://doi.org/10.1038/nphoton.2015.248
(Accessed February 27, 2024)