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Hydrogen in nonstoichiometric cubic titanium monoxides: X-ray and neutron diffraction, neutron vibrational spectroscopy and NMR studies

Published

Author(s)

A. V. Skripov, A. V. Soloninin, A. A. Valeeva, A. I. Gusev, A. A. Rempel, Hui Wu, Terrence J. Udovic

Abstract

Hydrogen-induced changes in the properties of transition-metal oxides have attracted much recent attention due to numerous applications of these materials including catalysis, H2 production, low-temperature H2 sensing, solar cells, and air purification. However, basic properties of hydrogenated titanium monoxides have not been investigated so far. In the present work, we report the results of the first studies of the crystal structure, vibrational spectra, and mobility of H atoms in TiO0.72H0.30 and TiO0.96H0.14 using X-ray diffraction (XRD), neutron powder diffraction, neutron vibrational spectroscopy, and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). The hydrogenated compound TiO0.72H0.30 is found to retain the disordered cubic B1-type structure of the initial titanium monoxide, where H atoms exclusively occupy vacancies in the oxygen sublattice. It has been revealed that hydrogenation of the disordered cubic TiO0.96 leads to the formation of the two-phase compound TiO0.96H0.14, where the disordered B1-type phase coexists with the monoclinic phase of Ti5O5 type with an ordered arrangement of vacancies. In both phases, H atoms are found to occupy only vacancies in the oxygen sublattice. The low-temperature inelastic neutron scattering spectra of TiO0.72H0.30 and TiO0.96H0.14 in the energy transfer range of 40–180 meV exhibit a single peak due to optical oxygen vibrations (centered on about 60 meV) and a broad structure at 90–170 meV due to optical H vibrations. The unusual width of this structure can be attributed to the broken symmetry of hydrogen sites in the titanium monoxides: because of the presence of vacancies in the titanium sublattice, the actual point symmetry of these sites appears to be lower than octahedral. Proton NMR measurements have revealed that both hydrogenated compounds are metallic; no signs of hydrogen diffusive motion in TiO0.72H0.30 and TiO0.96H0.14 at the frequency scale of about 105 s-1 have been found up to 370 K.
Citation
Journal of Alloys and Compounds
Volume
887

Keywords

disorder, hydrogen, hydrogen absorption, neutron diffraction, neutron vibrational spectroscopy, NMR, nonstoichiometric, titanium monoxide, x-ray diffraction

Citation

Skripov, A. , Soloninin, A. , Valeeva, A. , Gusev, A. , Rempel, A. , Wu, H. and Udovic, T. (2021), Hydrogen in nonstoichiometric cubic titanium monoxides: X-ray and neutron diffraction, neutron vibrational spectroscopy and NMR studies, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, [online], https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2021.161353, https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=932296 (Accessed April 23, 2024)
Created December 1, 2021, Updated March 25, 2024