Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Hybrid superconducting-magnetic memory device using competing order parameters



Burm Baek, William H. Rippard, Samuel P. Benz, Stephen E. Russek, Paul D. Dresselhaus


The quantum behavior of Josephson junctions is often exploited to produce superconducting devices with outstanding performance. Josephson junctions can also be used in circuits that perform logic operations in picoseconds and may enable high-performance energy-efficient cryogenic computers, provided that cryogenic-compatible memory elements can be developed that can be switched by and integrated with superconducting logic circuits. Here, we show that the Josephson junctions based on pseudo-spin valve barriers could enable such memory elements by unambiguously discriminating the controlled changes in the Josephson coupling from the size-dependent remanent field effect. The underlying exchange field effect enables the nonvolatile switching of the Josephson coupling in its magnitude or phase, depending on the device structure. Because these switchable Josephson junctions can be scaled to submicrometer dimensions, they may enable the first high-performance, nonvolatile cryogenic memories as well as new phase-based circuit elements for superconducting electronics.
Nature Communications


Josephson junction, spin valve, cryogenic memory, superconducting electronics, spintronics


Baek, B. , Rippard, W. , Benz, S. , Russek, S. and Dresselhaus, P. (2014), Hybrid superconducting-magnetic memory device using competing order parameters, Nature Communications, [online], (Accessed July 13, 2024)


If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact

Created May 28, 2014, Updated November 10, 2018