Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Https

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you've safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Hybrid Applications of Solution Scattering to Aid Structural Biology

Published

Author(s)

Alexander V. Grishaev

Abstract

Biomolecular applications of solution X-ray and neutron scattering (SAXS and SANS, respectively) started in late 1960s – early 1970s but were relatively limited in their ability to provide a detailed structural picture and lagged behind what became the two primary methods of experimental structural biology − X-ray crystallography and NMR. However, improvements in both data analysis and instrumentation led to an explosive growth in the number of studies that used small-angle scattering (SAS) for investigation of macromolecular structure, often in combination with other biophysical techniques. Such hybrid applications are nowadays quickly becoming a norm whenever scattering data are used for two reasons. First, it is generally accepted that SAS data on their own cannot lead to a uniquely defined high-resolution structural model, creating a need for supplementing them with information from complementary techniques. Second, solution scattering data are frequently applied in situations when a method such NMR or X-ray crystallography cannot provide a satisfactory structural picture, which makes these additional restraints highly desirable. Maturation of the hybrid bio-SAS approaches brings to light new questions including completeness of the conformational space sampling, model validation, and data compatibility.
Citation
Biological Small Angle Scattering: Techniques, Strategies and Tips
Publisher Info
Springer, Singapore, -1

Keywords

Solution scattering, SAXS, macromolecular structure, hybrid methods
Created November 20, 2017, Updated February 19, 2020