We describe an intuitive and simple method for exploiting humidity driven volume changes in carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) to fabricate a humidity responsive actuator on a glass fiber substrate. We optimize this platform to generate a photonic-based humidity sensor where CMC coated on a fiber optic containing a Fiber Bragg grating (FBG) actuates a mechanical strain in response to humidity changes. The humidity driven mechanical deformation of the FBG results in a large linear change in Bragg resonance over the humidity range of 5 %RH (relative humidity) to 40 %RH. The measurement uncertainty over this range is only ± 2 %RH.
Citation: Sensors and Actuators B-Chemical
Pub Type: Journals
humidity, photonics, FBG, moisture, cellulose