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Human Factors Considerations in the Potential for Using Elevators in Building Emergency Evacuation Plans

Published

Author(s)

N E. Groner, Bernard M. Levin

Abstract

If elevators could be safely used in fire emergencies, the safety of building occupants with mobility limitations could be greatly enhanced and the time for all occupants to evacuate might be reduced. This report covers a study of human factors considerations related to the possible use of elevators for evacuations in fire emergencies. It covers the selection of the fundamental approach to organizing elevator evacuations for specific buildings; the coordination and direction of the evacuation; the decision-making, information and communication needs to permit a coordinated evacuation; and the documentation, manning and training requirements to permit a proper implementation of the fire emergency plan.
Citation
Grant/Contract Reports (NISTGCR) - 92-615
Report Number
92-615

Keywords

human factors engineering, elevators (lifts), evacuation, fire protection, handicapped, high rise buildings, human behavior, office buildings, occupants

Citation

Groner, N. and Levin, B. (1992), Human Factors Considerations in the Potential for Using Elevators in Building Emergency Evacuation Plans, Grant/Contract Reports (NISTGCR), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=909293 (Accessed November 30, 2021)
Created August 1, 1992, Updated February 19, 2017