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How Interoperability Saves Money



Robert E. Chapman


The pressures of competing in the global marketplace are forcing building control companies, equipment and systems manufacturers, energy providers, utiliites, and design engineers to improve performance and reduce costs. One means of meeting this twin challenge is through the development and use of cybernetic building systems (CBS's) that integrate multiple building systems. A CBS is defined as a multi-system configuration that communicates information and control functions simultaneously and seamlessly at multiple levels. The configuration must also allow fortwo-way communication between the building(s) in which it is installed, utilities, and energy and service providers. The multiple levels of communication and control are based on the BACnet (Building Automation and Control networks) layered protocol architecture.1.2
ASHRAE American Society for Heating, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Journal
No. 2


BACnet, building economics, construction, cybernetic building systems, economic impacts, energy conservation, fault detection, research impacts, sensors


Chapman, R. (2001), How Interoperability Saves Money, ASHRAE American Society for Heating, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Journal (Accessed April 16, 2024)
Created February 1, 2001, Updated February 19, 2017