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Highly Deleterious Role of Small Amounts of Carbon on the Giant Magnetoresistance Effect

Published

Author(s)

D X. Yang, E J. Repetski, H D. Chopra, P J. Chen, William F. Egelhoff Jr.

Abstract

Carbon (in the form of hydrocarbons) is a common contaminant in high and ultra-high vacuum systems, and easily gets incorporated in films during deposition. This work reports the highly deleterious role of small amounts of carbon on the structure and magnetic properties of giant magnetoresistance (GMR) spin valves. Controlled incorporation of 1 % to 3 % atomic fraction carbon in Co/Cu layers of NiO-Co-Cu-based spin valves has been found to completely eliminate the GMR effect. Tansmission electron microscopu (TEM) shows that carbon promotes highly discontinuous Co/Cu layers, resulting in a large number of pinholes; domain studies corroborate that the free layer under the influence of a large pinhole coupling is unable to switch independently of the pinned Co layer. These results also have implications for other multilayers and spintronics devices.
Citation
Journal of Applied Physics
Volume
93
Issue
No. 10

Keywords

carbon, discontinuous, giant magnetoresistance, hydrocarbons, pinholes

Citation

Yang, D. , Repetski, E. , Chopra, H. , Chen, P. and Egelhoff Jr., W. (2003), Highly Deleterious Role of Small Amounts of Carbon on the Giant Magnetoresistance Effect, Journal of Applied Physics (Accessed May 23, 2024)

Issues

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Created April 30, 2003, Updated October 12, 2021