This article reviews some of the fundamental properties of highly charged ions, the methods of producing them (with particular emphasis on table-top devices), and their use as a tool for both basic science and applied technology. Topics discussed include: charge-dependence and scaling laws (for wavefunction size, ionization energy, neutralization energy, photon energy, Zeeman effect, Stark effect, line intensities, linewidths, etc.), changes in angular momentum coupling schemes, selection rules, interactions with surfaces, electron beam ion traps, ion accelerators, atomic reference data, the structure of the vacuum, laboratory astrophysics, nuclear fusion diagnostics, nanotechnology, quantum computing, and biology.
Journal of Physics B-Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics
atomic reference data, biology, charge-dependence, electron beam ion traps, highly charged ions, laboratory astrophysics, nanotechnology, nuclear fusion, scaling laws