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High Temperature, High Power Module Design for Wide Bandgap Semiconductors: Packaging Architecture and Materials Considerations

Published

Author(s)

Allen R. Hefner Jr., Z. J. Shen, Ryan McClure, Ali Gordon, Brian Grummel

Abstract

Wide bandgap power semiconductors such as SiC or GaN can safely operate at a junction temperature of 500°C. Such a high operating temperature range can substantially relax or completely eliminate the need for bulky and costly cooling components commonly used in silicon-based power electronic systems. However, a major limitation to fully realizing the potential of SiC and other wide band-gap semiconductor materials is the lack of qualified high-temperature packaging systems, particularly those with high-current and high-voltage capabilities required for power conversion applications. This paper proposes a new hybrid power module architecture that allows wide bandgap semiconductor power devices to operate at a junction temperature of 300°C. The concept is based on the use of double metal or DCB leadframes, direct leadframe-to-chip bonding, and high temperature encapsulation materials. The leadframes, serving as both the external leads and the internal interconnect to the semiconductor chips, need to provide excellent high temperature stability, adequate electrical and thermal conductivity, and a coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) closely matching that of SiC or GaN. The SiC chips are sandwiched between and bonded to the top and bottom leadframes using a brazing or adhesion process. Extensive electrical, thermal, and mechanical modeling has been performed on this new concept. Several prototypes are fabricated and evaluated. Packaging architecture and materials considerations are discussed in detail.
Proceedings Title
Proceedings for the IMAPS International Conference on
High Temperature Electronics
(HiTEC 2008)
Conference Dates
May 12-15, 2008
Conference Location
Albuquerque, NM
Conference Title
IMAPS International Conference on
High Temperature Electronics
(HiTEC 2008)

Keywords

temperature packaging, power module, wide bandgap semiconductors, power electronics.

Citation

Hefner, A. , Shen, Z. , McClure, R. , Gordon, A. and Grummel, B. (2008), High Temperature, High Power Module Design for Wide Bandgap Semiconductors: Packaging Architecture and Materials Considerations, Proceedings for the IMAPS International Conference on High Temperature Electronics (HiTEC 2008), Albuquerque, NM, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=33018 (Accessed May 26, 2024)

Issues

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Created May 1, 2008, Updated February 19, 2017