Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

High-Temperature Electromechanical Properties of CTGS



Ward L. Johnson, Michal Schulz, Holger Fritze


CTGS (Ca3TaGa3Si2O14) is a commercially available, Czochralski-grown piezoelectric material from the langasite family that has an ordered crystal structure. It can be excited piezoelectrically up to at least 1285 °C, which is very close to the melting temperature of 1350 °C. In order to determine the loss at elevated temperatures, two different resonance techniques are used. A noncontacting transduction method is employed up to about 600 °C, whereas transduction involving standard keyhole-shaped film electrodes is employed up to 1285 °C. Comparison of the temperature-dependent inverse Q factor shows that noncontacting measurements are best suited for the lower temperature range, where sample clamping and losses caused by the electrodes contribute significantly to the total loss. However, at higher temperatures, measurement of the electrical impedance of samples with film electrodes in the vicinity of the resonance frequency proves to be suitable. Even at 1100 °C, 5 MHz CTGS resonators are found to have a Q factor of about 1200, which is great enough to enable numerous bulk-acoustic-wave applications. Further, a nearly linear temperature dependence of the resonance frequency with a temperature coefficient of 210 Hz/K makes CTGS best suited for high-temperature sensor applications.
Proceedings Title
2013 MRS Fall Meeting
Conference Dates
December 1-6, 2013
Conference Location
Boston, MA


acoustic damping, acoustic loss, BAW, bulk-acoustic-wave resonators, dielectric constant, electrical conductivity, electromechanical properties, CTGS, high temperatures, langasite, piezoelectric materials, quality factor


Johnson, W. , Schulz, M. and Fritze, H. (2013), High-Temperature Electromechanical Properties of CTGS, 2013 MRS Fall Meeting, Boston, MA, [online], (Accessed July 23, 2024)


If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact

Created December 1, 2013, Updated November 10, 2018