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High-Speed Dynamics, Damping, and Relaxation Times in Submicrometer Spin-Valve Devices



Stephen E. Russek, Shehzaad F. Kaka, Michael J. Donahue


The dynamical response of spin-vale devices with linewidths of 0.8 5m has been measured after excitation with 160 ps magnetic impulses. The devices show resonant frequencies of 2-4 GHz which determine the upper limit of their operation frequency. The dynamical response can be fit with Landau-Lifshitz models to extract an effective uniform-mode damping constant, αum. The measured values of αum were between 0.04 and 0.01 depending on the magnitude of the longitudinal bias field. The appropriate damping coefficient for use in micromagnetic modeling, αmn was extracted from the dynamical response with large longitudinal bias field. This value was used to model the switching of a 0.1 5m x 1.0 5m magnetoresistive random access memory cell. The micromagnetic model included shape disorder that is expected to be found in real devices. The simulations showed that, while the magnetization reverses rapidly (
Journal of Applied Physics


damping, high-speed dynaics, landau-Fifshitz models, MRAM, spin-valve
Created May 1, 2000, Updated January 27, 2020