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High Spatial Resolution Quantitative Micromagnetics



M Scheinfein, John Unguris, Daniel T. Pierce, Robert Celotta


Magnetization profiles at surfaces are observed with scanning electron microscopy with polarization analysis (SEMPA). This technique allows for quantitative analysis of the vector magnetization profile with 70 nm spatial resolution. Magnetization profiles in surface Neacute}el walls which terminate bulk 180° Bloch walls at surfaces have been calculated by solving the micromagnetic equations using energy minimization. The micromagnetic calculations show that the surface Neacute}el wall penetrates a distance from the surface comparable to a Bloch wall width and that the surface Neacute}el wall width is at least twice the bulk Bloch wall width. The dependence of the domain wall magnetization on sample thickness is calculated for Fe, and model predictions of the wall widths that would be determined by transmission Lorentz microscopy are compared with the experimental results. The magnetic field outside of the sample, which gives rise to contrast with the Bitter technique and magnetic force microscopy (MFM), is a complicated superposition of contributions from both bulk and surface walls. Moreover, a strong mutual interaction between the sample and the MFM tip may alter the sample magnetization.
Journal of Applied Physics


Scheinfein, M. , Unguris, J. , Pierce, D. and Celotta, R. (1990), High Spatial Resolution Quantitative Micromagnetics, Journal of Applied Physics (Accessed April 22, 2024)
Created December 31, 1989, Updated October 12, 2021