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High Effeciency Fast Scintillators for the Development of Optical Soft X-Ray Arrays for Laboratory Plasma Diagnostics

Published

Author(s)

L F. Delgado-Aparicio, R Vero, D Stutman, M Finkenthal, K Tritz, G Suliman, H W. Moos, R Kaita, R Majeski, B Stratton, L Roquemore, D Johnson, Charles Tarrio

Abstract

Scintillator-based optical soft x-ray (OSXR) arrays may in the near future, replace the conventional diode arrays used for plasma imaging, tomographic reconstruction, magnetohydrodynamics, transport and turbulence studies in magnetically confined fusion plasma research. We have performed an experimental survey among eight scintillator candidates, measuring relative and absolute soft x-ray to visible light conversion efficiencies (CE). Further investigations, took into account glass and fiberoptic plates (FOP) as substrates, and a thin aluminum foil (150 nm) needed to reflect back to the optical detector the visible light emitted by the scintillator. We have concluded that columnar (crystal growth) thallium doped cesium iodine (CsI:Tl) deposited on a FOP, is the best candidate for the above mentioned plasma diagnostics. Its luminescence decay time (of the order of 2-8 ?s) measured at the Current Drive Experiment Upgrade (CDX-U) and the National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX) at the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL), was also found to be suitable for our needs and the development of OSXR arrays. A first eight channel OSXR array based on using CsI:Tl was designed, built and compared to its diode counterpart; its operation on NSTX showed a lower level of neutron-induced noise during neutral beam heated plasma discharges.
Citation
Nuclear Instruments & Methods
Volume
46
Issue
24

Keywords

detector arrays, plasma diagnostics, scintillators, soft x-rays

Citation

Delgado-Aparicio, L. , Vero, R. , Stutman, D. , Finkenthal, M. , Tritz, K. , Suliman, G. , Moos, H. , Kaita, R. , Majeski, R. , Stratton, B. , Roquemore, L. , Johnson, D. and Tarrio, C. (2007), High Effeciency Fast Scintillators for the Development of Optical Soft X-Ray Arrays for Laboratory Plasma Diagnostics, Nuclear Instruments & Methods (Accessed February 26, 2024)
Created August 19, 2007, Updated October 12, 2021