Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Handout: Users Are Not Stupid: 6 Cybersecurity Pitfalls Overturned



Julie Haney, Susanne M. Furman


The cybersecurity community tends to focus and depend on technology to solve today's cybersecurity problems, often without taking into consideration the human element - the key individual and social factors impacting cybersecurity adoption. This handout provides an overview of six human-element misconceptions in cybersecurity and suggestions for how to overcome those. This is a companion to the journal article of the same title.
NIST Usable Cybersecurity


cybersecurity, human factors, usability


Haney, J. and Furman, S. (2023), Handout: Users Are Not Stupid: 6 Cybersecurity Pitfalls Overturned, NIST Usable Cybersecurity, [online],, (Accessed June 22, 2024)


If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact

Created January 30, 2023, Updated May 14, 2024