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Graphene Quantum Hall Effect Parallel Resistance Arrays

Published

Author(s)

Alireza R. Panna, I Fan Hu, Mattias Kruskopf, Dinesh K. Patel, Dean G. Jarrett, Chieh-I Liu, Shamith U. Payagala, Dipanjan Saha, David Newell, Chi-Te Liang, Randolph Elmquist, Albert Rigosi

Abstract

As first recognized in 2010, epitaxial graphene on SiC(0001) provides a platform for quantized Hall resistance (QHR) metrology unmatched by other 2D structures and materials. Here we report graphene parallel QHR arrays, with metrologically precise quantization near 1000 ohms. These arrays have tunable carrier densities, owing to uniform epitaxial growth and chemical functionalization, allowing quantization at the robust nu = 2 filling factor in two devices at relative precision better than 10-8. Broad tuneability of the carrier density also enables investigation of the nu = 6 plateau. Optimized networks of QHR devices described in this work use recently developed methods to suppress ohmic contact resistance error using branched contacts and avoid crossover leakage with interconnections that are superconducting for quantizing magnetic fields up to 13.5 T. Our work enables access to a wide range of precisely quantized resistance values in arrays of arbitrary network geometry.
Citation
Physical Review B

Keywords

Quantum Hall effect, Quantized Hall resistance array, carrier density, functionalization, mobility, graphene, epitaxial, precision measurement, reciprocity

Citation

Panna, A. , , I. , Kruskopf, M. , Patel, D. , Jarrett, D. , Liu, C. , Payagala, S. , Saha, D. , Newell, D. , Liang, C. , Elmquist, R. and Rigosi, A. (2021), Graphene Quantum Hall Effect Parallel Resistance Arrays, Physical Review B, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=931360 (Accessed May 12, 2021)
Created February 1, 2021, Updated March 16, 2021