Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Giant Rashba-Splitting in 2D organic-inorganic halide perovskites measured by transient spectroscopies

Published

Author(s)

Yaxin Zhai, S. Baniya, C. Zhang, Junwen Li, Paul M. Haney, C.-X. Sheng, Z. Vardeny

Abstract

Two-dimensional (2D) layered hybrid organic-inorganic halide perovskite semiconductors form natural ‘multiple quantum wells' that possess strong spin-orbit coupling due to the heavy elements in their building blocks. This may lead to ‘Rashba-splitting' close to the extrema in the electron bands. We have employed a plethora of ultrafast transient, nonlinear optical spectroscopies, and theoretical calculations for studying the primary (excitons) and longlived (free-carriers) photoexcitations in thin films of 2D perovskite, namely (C6H5C2H4NH3)2PbI4. The density functional theory calculation shows the occurrence of Rashba-splitting in the plane perpendicular to the 2D barrier. From the electroabsorption spectrum and photoinduced absorption spectra from excitons and free-carriers we indeed obtain a giant Rashba-splitting in this compound, with energy splitting of 40 meV ± 1 meV and Rashba parameter of 1.55 eV·Å ± 0.02 eV·Å; which are among the highest Rashba-splitting size parameters reported so far. This finding shows that 2D hybrid perovskites have great promise for potential applications in spintronics.
Citation
Science Advances
Volume
3
Issue
7

Citation

Zhai, Y. , Baniya, S. , Zhang, C. , Li, J. , Haney, P. , Sheng, C. and Vardeny, Z. (2017), Giant Rashba-Splitting in 2D organic-inorganic halide perovskites measured by transient spectroscopies, Science Advances, [online], https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.1700704, https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=923331 (Accessed July 16, 2024)

Issues

If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact reflib@nist.gov.

Created July 27, 2017, Updated October 12, 2021