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Generally Accepted Principles and Practices for Securing Information Technology Systems



Marianne M. Swanson, Barbara Guttman


As more organizations share information electronically, a common understanding of what is needed and expected in securing information technology (IT) resources is required. This document provides a baseline that organizations can use to establish and review their IT security programs. The document gives a foundation that organizations can reference when conducting multi-organizational business as well as internal business. Management, internal auditors, users, system developers, and security practioners can use the guideline to gain an understanding of the basic security requirements most IT systems should contain. The foundation begins with generally accepted system security principles and continues with common practices that are used in securing IT systems.
Special Publication (NIST SP) - 800-14
Report Number


IT security, security baseline, security practices, security principles


Swanson, M. and Guttman, B. (1996), Generally Accepted Principles and Practices for Securing Information Technology Systems, Special Publication (NIST SP), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], (Accessed June 12, 2024)


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Created September 3, 1996, Updated February 19, 2017