Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Gapless Quantum Excitations from an Icelike Splayed Ferromagnetic Ground State in Stoichiometric Yb2Ti2O7



J. Gaudet, K. A. Ross, E. Kermarrec, Nicholas Butch, G. Ehlers, H. A. Dabkowska, B. D. Gaulin


The ground state of the quantum spin ice candidate magnet Yb2Ti2O7 is known to be sensitive to weak disorder at the 1% level which occurs in single crystals growth from the melt. Powders grown from solid state solutions tend to be stoichiometric and display large and sharp heat capacity anomalies at relatively high temperature, T^c^0.26 K. We have carried out neutron elastic and inelastic measurements on well characterized and equilibrated stoichiometric powder samples of Yb2Ti2O7 which show resolution-limited Bragg peaks to appear at low temperatures, but whose onset correlates with temperatures much higher than TC. The corresponding magnetic structure be gapless on an energy scale < 0.09 meV at all temperatures, and organized into a continuum of scattering with vestiges of highly overdamped ferromagnetic spin waves present. These excitations differ greatly from conventional spin waves predicted for Yb2Ti2O7's mean field ordered state, but appear robust to weak disorder as they are largely consistent with those displayed by nonstoichiometric crushed single crystals and single crystals, as well as by powder samples of Yb2Ti2O7's sister quantum magnet Yb2Sn2O7.
Physical Review B


Gaudet, J. , Ross, K. , Kermarrec, E. , Butch, N. , Ehlers, G. , Dabkowska, H. and Gaulin, B. (2016), Gapless Quantum Excitations from an Icelike Splayed Ferromagnetic Ground State in Stoichiometric Yb<sub>2</sub>Ti<sub>2</sub>O<sub>7</sub>, Physical Review B, [online], (Accessed July 23, 2024)


If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact

Created February 2, 2016, Updated October 12, 2021