Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

A Framework for Measuring the Vulnerability of Hosts



Karen A. Scarfone, Timothy Grance


This paper proposes a framework for measuring the vulnerability of individual hosts based on current and historical operational data for vulnerabilities and attacks. Previous approaches have not been scalable because they relied on complex manually constructed models, and most approaches have examined software flaws only, not other vulnerabilities such as software misconfiguration and user misbehavior. The framework uses a metrics-based approach that can be mostly automated, producing rapid and consistent measurements for quantitative risk assessment and for attack and vulnerability modeling. In this paper, we propose the framework and its components and describe the work planned to implement them.
Conference Dates
May 18-21, 2008
Conference Location
Conference Title
1st International Conference on Information Technology


attack measurement, host security, quantitative risk assessment, security metrics, threat modeling, vulnerability measurement, vulnerability scoring


Scarfone, K. and Grance, T. (2008), A Framework for Measuring the Vulnerability of Hosts, 1st International Conference on Information Technology, Gdansk, , [online], (Accessed April 18, 2024)
Created June 30, 2008, Updated February 19, 2017