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A Framework For Autonomy Levels For Unmanned Systems (ALFUS)



Hui-Min Huang, K Pavek, B Novak, James S. Albus, Elena R. Messina


We describe the construct of the framework for the Autonomy Levels of Unmanned Systems (ALFUS), including the ongoing development effort undertaken by the Ad Hoc working group. We describe the elements of the ALFUS framework and the process that we envision to apply the framework. We also discuss identified challenges.
Proceedings Title
Proceedings Unmanned Systems North America Symposium
Conference Dates
June 28-30, 2005
Conference Title
Association of the Unmanned Vehicle System International (AUVSI)


autonomy, environmental difficulty, human-robot interaction, metrics, mission complexity, robot, tesk, unmanned systems


Huang, H. , Pavek, K. , Novak, B. , Albus, J. and Messina, E. (2005), A Framework For Autonomy Levels For Unmanned Systems (ALFUS), Proceedings Unmanned Systems North America Symposium, [online], (Accessed May 19, 2024)


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Created June 30, 2005, Updated February 17, 2017