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Flammability Properties of Polymer-Layered-Silicate Nanocomposites, Polypropylene and Polystyrene Nanocomposites

Published

Author(s)

Jeffrey W. Gilman, C L. Jackson, A B. Morgan, Richard H. Harris Jr., E Manias, E P. Giannelis, M Wuthenow, David Hilton, S H. Phillips

Abstract

Our continuing study of the mechanism of flammability reduction of polymer-layered-silicate nanocomposites has yielded results for polypropylene-graft-maleic anhydride and polystyrene-layered-silicate nanocomposites using montmorillonite and fluorohectorite. Cone calorimetry was used to measure the heat release rate and other flammability properties of the nanocomposites, under well-controlled combustion conditions. Bath the polymer-layered-silicate nanocompasites and the combustion residues were studied by transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. We have found evidence for a common mechanism of flammability reduction. We also found that the type of layered silicate, nanodispersion, and processing degradation have an influence on the flammability reduction.
Citation
Chemistry of Materials
Volume
12
Issue
No. 7

Keywords

nanocomposites, polypropylene, polystyrene, flammability, thermal stability, flammability measurements, cone calorimeters

Citation

Gilman, J. , Jackson, C. , Morgan, A. , Harris, R. , Manias, E. , Giannelis, E. , Wuthenow, M. , Hilton, D. and Phillips, S. (2000), Flammability Properties of Polymer-Layered-Silicate Nanocomposites, Polypropylene and Polystyrene Nanocomposites, Chemistry of Materials, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=912007 (Accessed July 22, 2024)

Issues

If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact reflib@nist.gov.

Created July 17, 2000, Updated February 19, 2017