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Flame Extinguishment in a Cup-Burner Apparatus



F Takahashi, Gregory T. Linteris, V Katta


Unsteady extinguishment phenomena of laminar methane-air co-flow diffusion flames formed in a cup-burner apparatus at normal earth gravity have been studied experimentally and computationally. A gaseous fire-extinguishing agent (CO2, N2, He, Ar, or CF3H) was introduced gradually into a coflowing oxidizer stream until blowoff-type extinguishment occurred. The agent concentration in the oxidizer required for extinguishment was nearly independent of a wide range of the mean oxidizer velocity, exhibiting a so-called plateau region, for all agents except helium. Numerical simulations with detailed chemistry were performed to reveal the detailed flame structure and to predict the minimum extinguishing concentration (MEC) of agent at a fixed oxidizer velocity for a comparison with the experiment previously conducted. The MEC values of agents determined were: experiment: CF3H, (11.7 0.8) %; CO2, (15.7 0.6) %; N2, (25.9 1.0) %; He, (26.7 1.1) %; and Ar, (37.3 1.5) %; computation: CF3H, 10.1 %; CO2, 14.5 % (or 16.1 % with different kinetic parameters for a methyl-H atom reaction step); N2, 25.2 %; He, 23 %; and Ar, 35.7 %. Despite the complexity of chemistry and flame-flow interactions in the blowoff processes, the numerical predictions of MECs were generally in good agreements (6% less, on average) with the measurements. The relative ranking of the MECs depended upon primarily a reverse order of the heat capacity of the agent-laden oxidizers for all of the inert agents tested.
Proceedings Title
Proceedings| 4th
Conference Dates
March 21-23, 2005
Conference Location
Conference Title
Joint Meeting of the Combustion Institute


cup burner, fire suppression, flame extinction, flame extinguishment, halon replacements, microgravity combustion


Takahashi, F. , Linteris, G. and Katta, V. (2005), Flame Extinguishment in a Cup-Burner Apparatus, Proceedings| 4th, Undefined, [online], (Accessed April 16, 2024)
Created February 28, 2005, Updated October 12, 2021