Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Ferromagnetic Resonance Studies of NiO-Coupled Thin Films of Ni80Fe20

Published

Author(s)

Robert D. McMichael, Mark D. Stiles, P J. Chen, William F. Egelhoff Jr.

Abstract

This paper describes ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) and magnetoresistive measurements of thin magnetic films coupled to antiferromagnetic films. First, FMR results for films of Ni80Fe20 show that coupling to NiO produces the angular variation in the resonance field of the type expected for unidirectional exchange anisotropy. However, unidirectional anisotropy values measured by in-plane ferromagnetic resonance are roughly 20% less than the loop shift measured via magnetoresistance. The difference is attributed in part to asymmetry in the coercivity. Second, in addition to the unidirectional anisotropy, coupling to NiO produces an isotropic negative resonance field shift that is larger than the exchange anisotrp[u field shift that is larger than the exchange anisotropy field. This isotropic field shift is not consistent with models of exchange anisotropy in which the ferromagnet spins couple to a static antiferromagnet spin structure. It is consistent with the existence of a rotable anisotropy, explained in terms of the energetics of domain configurations in the NiO. Third, using unpinned films as references, unidirectional anistropy is measured for the first time with the magnetization rotated out of the film plane, and is found to be in reasonable agreement with in-plane measurements.
Citation
Physical Review B (Condensed Matter and Materials Physics)
Volume
58
Issue
No. 13

Keywords

antiferromagnetic films, domain configurations, ferromagnetic resonance (FMR), magnetoresistive measurements

Citation

McMichael, R. , Stiles, M. , Chen, P. and Egelhoff, W. (1998), Ferromagnetic Resonance Studies of NiO-Coupled Thin Films of Ni<sub>80</sub>Fe<sub>20</sub>, Physical Review B (Condensed Matter and Materials Physics) (Accessed April 24, 2024)
Created October 1, 1998, Updated February 17, 2017