Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Fabrication and Measurement of Tall Stacked Arrays of SNS Josephson Junctions



Nicolas Hadacek, Paul Dresselhaus, Yonuk Chong, Samuel Benz, John E. Bonevich


We have made tall, uniform stacked Josephson junction arrays by developing an etch process using an inductively coupled plasma etcher. This process produces vertical profiles in thin-film multilayers of alternating superconducting and normal metals. Such a vertical etch is necessary to obtain uniform properties in high-density arrays in order to achieve operating margins for voltage standard applications. We use dry-etchable MoSi2for the normal metal barrier of our niobium Josephson junctions and obtain working series arrays with stacks up to 10 junctions tall. We present dc and microwave electrical characteristics of distributed and lumped arrays and discuss the technological improvements needed to fabricate lumped arrays for voltage standard applications.
IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity


Josephson junction, lumped array, MoSi<sub>2</sub>, multilayer, voltage standard


Hadacek, N. , Dresselhaus, P. , Chong, Y. , Benz, S. and Bonevich, J. (2005), Fabrication and Measurement of Tall Stacked Arrays of SNS Josephson Junctions, IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, [online], (Accessed March 3, 2024)
Created May 31, 2005, Updated October 12, 2021